The latin name for Ligurian bees is Apis mellifera ligustica. It is a subspecies of the western honey bee Apis mellifera. An act of parliament in 1885 declared Kangaroo Island a sanctuary for the Ligurian bee. Now the bees are considered an important genetic resource for queen breeders and for apicultural research. »»
THE CHEMISTRY OF HONEY
The first evidence of humans harvesting honey is seen painted on a rock wall in Valencia, Spain, dated over 8,000 years ago. Archaeologists discovered honeycomb in Egypt buried with the pharaohs in their tombs.
Humans have eaten honey, bathed in it, used it to heals wounds and traded with it since history began. Honey is a wonderful, natural sweetener that we take for granted these days.
It is a sweet, sticky yellowish-brown fluid made by bees from collecting nectar from flowers.
Honey is composed of:
- Sugar makes up about 95% of honey's dry weight.
- Carbohydrates: 82% Fructose & Glucose.
- Proteins and Amino Acids: Proline.
- Vitamin B, Riboflavin, Niacin, Folic acid, Pantothenic acid, and Vitamin B6.
- Acetic, Butanoic, Formic, Citric, Aromatic acids.
Main Chemicals, Compounds, Components
- Water: (H2O) Hydrating
- Sucrose: (C12 H22 O11) =
half fructose (C6H12O6) Sustained Energy, &
half glucose (C6H12O6) Instant Energy
The island is an ideal and isolated sanctuary for perpetuating a secure breed of robust, hygienic Ligurian bees, all of which are descendants of the original Ligurian queens.
Since the arrival of the Ligurian bee onto Kangaroo Island, no other race or strain of honeybee has been introduced, and the population is believed to represent the purest stock of this Italian race found anywhere in the world.
The pristine environment, together with selective breeding of the Ligurian bee, has the potential to protect from colony-collapse-disorder and other common diseases experienced in other parts of the world.